In dedicating the new altar at Bethel, Jeroboam is quoted as declaring to his people: "It is too much for you to go up to Jerusalem." Joshua 7:2 Joshua sent men from Jericho to Ai, which is beside Beth Aven, on the east side of Bethel, and spoke to them, saying, "Go up and spy out the land." The whole area was well watered everywhere, like the garden of the LORD or the beautiful land of Egypt. Abram and Lot seperate 1 Kings 12:33 He went up to the altar which he had made in Bethel on the fifteenth day in the eighth month, even in the month which he had devised of his own heart: and he ordained a feast for the children of Israel, and went up to the altar, to burn incense. To Bethel came the man of God from Judah who pronounced doom against Jeroboam (1 Kings 13), and who, having been seduced from duty by an aged prophet in Bethel, was slain by a lion.

It is named as on the northern border of Benjamin (the southern of Ephraim, Joshua 16:2), at the top of the ascent from the Jordan valley by way of Ai (Joshua 18:13). 4 This was the place where Abram had built the altar, and there he again worshiped the LORD. It became the royal sanctuary and the religious center of his kingdom (1 Kings 12:29 Amos 7:13). Next a severe famine in Canaan drove Abram and his company into Egypt (Genesis 12:10). In several countriesparticularly in the United Statesthe name has been given to various locations (see Bethel (disambiguation)). Zechariah 7:2 The people of Bethel sent Sharezer and Regem Melech, and their men, to entreat Yahweh's favor, beth'-el (beth-'el; Baithel and oikos theou, literally, "house of God"):(1) A town near the place where Abraham halted and offered sacrifice on his way south from Shechem.1.

Joshua 8:12 He took about five thousand men, and set them in ambush between Bethel and Ai, on the west side of the city. Although the shrine itself has not yet been located by archaeologists, its northern counterpart at tel Dan has been the subject of an important excavation, revealing a major ancient altar much in keeping with the biblical account. Judges 20:26 Then all the children of Israel, and all the people, went up, and came to Bethel, and wept, and sat there before Yahweh, and fasted that day until even; and they offered burnt offerings and peace offerings before Yahweh. Israel came to Bethel to consult the Divine oracle (Judges 20:18), and it became an important center of worship (1 Samuel 10:3). ", 2 Kings 2:23 He went up from there to Bethel. 1 Kings 13:32 For the saying which he cried by the word of Yahweh against the altar in Bethel, and against all the houses of the high places which are in the cities of Samaria, will surely happen.". [10], See the excavation report by Kelso, Albright and others.[10]. in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards. After all, we are close relatives! 8:17). He was survived by Terah, his father. Jeremiah 48:13 Moab shall be ashamed of Chemosh, as the house of Israel was ashamed of Bethel their confidence. Bethel is mentioned in Ezra 2:28 and Nehemiah 7:32 as being resettled at the time of the return of the exiles from Babylon.

Judges 21:19 They said, "Behold, there is a feast of Yahweh from year to year in Shiloh, which is on the north of Bethel, on the east side of the highway that goes up from Bethel to Shechem, and on the south of Lebonah.". The first part of the journey involved Terah (Abrams father), Abram, Sarai (Abrams wife), Lot (Terahs grandson) and all their goods and servants, travelling from Ur of the Chaldeans to Haran, a northern Mesopotamian commercial city (Genesis 11:27-32) (for all Bible reference, see bottom of page). Judges 20:18 The children of Israel arose, and went up to Bethel, and asked counsel of God; and they said, "Who shall go up for us first to battle against the children of Benjamin?" This article abides by terms of the Creative Commons CC-by-sa 3.0 License (CC-by-sa), which may be used and disseminated with proper attribution. 5 He took his wife, Sarai, his nephew Lot, and all his wealthhis livestock and all the people who had joined his household at Haranand finally arrived in Canaan. We do not hear of Bethel again until it assumed a far different role in the biblical narrative. The fact that Jacob builds the altar at Bethel on two occasions reflects two accounts compiled later into the Book of Genesis (see documentary hypothesis). 13 The people of this area were unusually wicked and sinned greatly against the LORD. They left the city open, and pursued Israel. ISBN links support NWE through referral fees, https://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/p/index.php?title=Bethel&oldid=1015973, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. Should I sell the new wide screen Bible Cartoons? Later, the judge Deborah held court near Bethel in the territory of Ephraim (Judg. He found him at Bethel, and there he spoke with us. Distances Even King Jehu, who "destroyed Baal worship in Israel," was criticized because: "He did not turn away from the sins of Jeroboam, son of Nebat, which he had caused Israel to committhe worship of the golden calves at Bethel and Dan" (2 Kings 10:29). At the time of the Maccabees it housed Syrian garrisons (1 Macc. Bethel nevertheless remains a sacred place in the collective memory of both Jews and Christians. At Judges 21:19, Bethel is said to be south of Shiloh. The mere presence of a golden bull calf statue there is insufficient evidence, since the Temple of Jerusalem itself housed a huge gilded statue of two winged cherubim. 11 Lot chose that land for himselfthe Jordan Valley to the east of them. Amos 7:13 but don't prophesy again any more at Bethel; for it is the king's sanctuary, and it is a royal house!". Judges 4:5 She lived under the palm tree of Deborah between Ramah and Bethel in the hill country of Ephraim: and the children of Israel came up to her for judgment. 1 Samuel 10:3 "Then you shall go on forward from there, and you shall come to the oak of Tabor; and three men shall meet you there going up to God to Bethel, one carrying three young goats, and another carrying three loaves of bread, and another carrying a bottle of wine: 1 Samuel 13:2 Saul chose him three thousand men of Israel, of which two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in the Mount of Bethel, and one thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin: and the rest of the people he sent every man to his tent. 2 Kings 23:15 Moreover the altar that was at Bethel, and the high place which Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin, had made, even that altar and the high place he broke down; and he burned the high place and beat it to dust, and burned the Asherah. took possession of parts of the old Northern Kingdom, he destroyed the altar at Bethel that had been erected by Jeroboam (2 Kings 23:15). At 16:1 it is again said to be next to Luz, near Jericho, and part of the territory of the descendants of Joseph (that is Manasseh and Ephraim, cf. Compare 11:26, 12:4. Amos 4:4 "Go to Bethel, and sin; to Gilgal, and sin more. Make there an altar to God, who appeared to you when you fled from the face of Esau your brother. More famously it is mentioned again in Genesis 28,[7] when Jacob, fleeing from the wrath of his brother Esau, falls asleep on a stone and dreams of a ladder stretching between Heaven and Earth and thronged with angels; God stands at the top of the ladder, and promises Jacob the land of Canaan; when Jacob awakes he anoints the stone (baetylus) with oil and names the place Bethel. He based this assessment on its fitting the location described in earlier texts, and on the philological similarities between the modern and ancient name, arguing that the replacement of the Hebrew el with the Arabic in was not unusual. Yahweh said, "Judah shall go up first.". Its probable intent was "God who brought you out of the land of Egypt is here (in Bethel)." At Judges 4:5 the prophetess Deborah is said to dwell at Bethel under the palm-tree of Deborah (presumably a reference to Genesis 35:8, where another Deborah, the nurse of Jacob's mother Rebecca, is said to have been buried under a tree at Bethel). Genesis 13:1-4 tells of Abrams journey from Egypt back through the Negev to the same camp between Bethel and Ai, where he had built an altar to the Lord. Hebrew). Thereafter, it begins to fade from the historical record. Biblical scholars point out that El is the name of the chief ancient Canaanite deity, as well as being the name of the Hebrew God in the patriarchal narratives. Bethel was of particular importance in the period of the Judges. It seems that this action provoked the hostility of the Judaeans. Edward Robinson identified the Arab village of Beitin in the West Bank with ancient Bethel in Biblical Researches in Palestine, 183852. It is represented by the modern Beitin, a village of some 400 inhabitants, which stands on a knoll East of the road to Nablus. Bible References Both versions state that the original name of the place was Luz, a Canaanite name.

During the period of divided kingdoms, Bethel was an official shrine of the northern Kingdom of Israel, founded by Jeroboam I as a pilgrimage site competing with the southern Temple of Jerusalem. For Gilgal will surely go into exile, and Bethel will be reduced to nothing. 5 Now Lot, who was traveling with Abram, was also very wealthy with sheep, cattle, and many tents. Despite this, Yahwist prophets continued to reside at Bethel (2 Kings 2:3). [citation needed] He identifies Bethel with El-Bireh, suggesting that Beitin might be biblical Ophrah;[citation needed] however, Ophrah is commonly identified with the nearby village of Taybeh. The Hebrew maqom, like the cognate Arabic maqam, denotes a sacred place or sanctuary. After the establishment of the Israelite monarchy and its subsequent division under Rehoboam of Judah and Jeroboam I of Israel, Bethel became a center of controversy. Genesis 35:15 Jacob called the name of the place where God spoke with him "Bethel.". Abraham, according to Genesis 12:8, built an altar east of Bethel shortly after arriving in Canaan from Haran. So they went down to Bethel. Its usual translation is "Here are your gods who brought you out of the land of Egypt.". Eusebius, Onomasticon places it 12 Roman miles from Jerusalem, on the road to Neapolis. Nehemiah 7:32 The men of Bethel and Ai, a hundred twenty-three. As the narrative of the Book of Judges opens (1:22-26), Bethel was not in Israelite hands. In the 4th century CE, Eusebius of Caesarea and Jerome described Bethel as a small village that lay 12 Roman miles north of Jerusalem, to the right or east of the road leading to Neapolis.[3]. History:Bethel was a royal city of the Canaanites (Joshua 12:16).

A few years later, the prophet Hosea (8th century BC) speaks (at least according to modern translations) of the "wickedness" of Bethel (Hosea 10:15) and Jeremiah (6th century BC) speaks of the "shame" which it brought on Israel (Jeremiah 48:13). Joshua 18:22 Beth Arabah, Zemaraim, Bethel. 1 So they left Egypt and traveled north into the NegevAbram with his wife and Lot and all that they owned, To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats.The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here: The history of this article since it was imported to New World Encyclopedia: Note: Some restrictions may apply to use of individual images which are separately licensed. As he was going up by the way, some youths came out of the city and mocked him, and said to him, "Go up, you baldy! The men of Bethel were among those who returned from Babylon with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:28 Nehemiah 7:32), and it is mentioned as reoccupied by the Benjamites (Nehemiah 11:31). Hosea 13:13 describes how the Israelites are abandoning Adonai for the worship of Baal, and accuses them of making or using images for 'idol' worship.

Joshua 12:9 the king of Jericho, one; the king of Ai, which is beside Bethel, one; Joshua 16:1 The lot came out for the children of Joseph from the Jordan at Jericho, at the waters of Jericho on the east, even the wilderness, going up from Jericho through the hill country to Bethel. Go up, you baldhead!".

10 At that time there was a severe famine in the land, so Abram went down to Egypt to wait it out.

As an absolute minimal then, Abram, Sarai, Lot and all their herds, livestock, servants, etc must have walked 1551 miles (2494 Km) and it was probably MUCH more than that! 6 Traveling through Canaan, they came to a place near Shechem and set up camp beside the oak at Moreh. In the book 1 Samuel 7:16, it is said that the prophet Samuel, who resided at Ramah, used to make a yearly circuit of Bethel, Gilgal and Mizpah to judge Israel. The Bethel shrine also competed spiritually and financially with the Temple of Jerusalem. 1 Kings 13:10 So he went another way, and didn't return by the way that he came to Bethel. The first to establish the village of Beitin as the site of Bethel was Edward Robinson, in 1838. According to 2 Kings 2:1ff, the prophets Elijah and Elisha visited Bethel on a journey from Gilgal to Jericho shortly before Elijah was taken up to heaven alive (2 Kings 2:11). Hither the ark was brought from Gilgal (Judges 2:1, Septuagint). At that time Canaanites and Perizzites were also living in the land.

Amos 5:5 but don't seek Bethel, nor enter into Gilgal, and don't pass to Beersheba: for Gilgal shall surely go into captivity, and Bethel shall come to nothing. At Judges 20:18, where the Hebrew Beth-El is translated in the King James Version as the 'House of God,' the people of Israel go to Bethel to ask counsel of God when they are planning to attack the Benjaminites at the battle of Gibeah. 1 Samuel 7:16 He went from year to year in circuit to Bethel and Gilgal, and Mizpah; and he judged Israel in all those places. 8 Then Abram talked it over with Lot. But they stopped instead at the village of Haran and settled there. [3] Josephus tells us that Bethel was captured by Vespasian. The town nearby is still identified as Luz at this point, and Jacob called the place "El Bethel." [12] Henry Baker Tristram repeated this claim. [3] The town appears on the 6th century Madaba Map as "Louza (Greek: ), also known as Bethel (, Bethl)". While priestly corruption must have been a real problem at Bethelas indeed it was at Jerusalem itself according to the prophetsthe accusation of idolatry must be taken with a grain of salt. Abram was seventy-five years old when he left Haran. Bethel is mentioned again in 1 Samuel 13:2 and 2 Samuel 30:27. All the families of the earth will be blessed through you. Still apparently known as Luz, it still had to be captured by the Tribe of Joseph (which included both Ephraim and Manasseh). The early shrine was apparently outside of the town of Luz, probably at a "high place." [2] Until inscriptions or other writings are uncovered revealing the northern perspective on the controversy, historians need to consider that biblical writers present a theologically biased view of the true nature of the Bethel shrine in its later days.[3]. Another account, from Genesis 35[8] repeats the covenant with God and the naming of the place (as El-Bethel), and makes this the site of Jacob's own change of name to Israel. [13] J. J. Bimson and David Livingston proposed el-Bireh as the site of Bethel, a view rejected by Jules Francis Gomes, who wrote that "The voices of Livingston and Bimson have hardly been taken seriously by those who worked on the excavations of Bethel. Located about ten miles north of Jerusalem near the border of Israel and Judah, Bethel was known as Luz in pre-Israelite times (Gen. 28:19). 1 Chronicles 7:28 Their possessions and habitations were Bethel and its towns, and eastward Naaran, and westward Gezer, with its towns; Shechem also and its towns, to Azzah and its towns; 2 Chronicles 13:19 Abijah pursued after Jeroboam, and took cities from him, Bethel with its towns, and Jeshanah with its towns, and Ephron with its towns. There he built an altar and worshiped the LORD. Genesis 35:8 Deborah, Rebekah's nurse, died, and she was buried below Bethel under the oak; and its name was called Allon Bacuth. 7 Then the LORD appeared to Abram and said, I am going to give this land to your offspring. And Abram built an altar there to commemorate the LORDs visit. Bethel is next mentioned in connection with the tenth king of Israel, Jehu (c. 842-815 BC). Judges 20:31 The children of Benjamin went out against the people, and were drawn away from the city; and they began to strike and kill of the people, as at other times, in the highways, of which one goes up to Bethel, and the other to Gibeah, in the field, about thirty men of Israel. 04) The return to Canaan, in a straight line from Raamses (in Egypt) to Bethel, via Beersheba on The Way to Shur, is about 230 miles (368 Km). His next sentence could have been one of several meanings depending on how it is translated. 2 Kings 17:28 So one of the priests whom they had carried away from Samaria came and lived in Bethel, and taught them how they should fear Yahweh. 4). When Deborah, the nurse of Jacob's mother Rebekah, died and was buried beneath an oak there, the site also became known as Allon BacuthWeeping Oak (Gen. 35:8). Genesis 13:3 He went on his journeys from the South even to Bethel, to the place where his tent had been at the beginning, between Bethel and Ai. A possible reason for the failure to locate the shrine may be that it was obliterated during the reform of King Josiah of Judah. "[12], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}315521N 351442E / 31.9226N 35.245E / 31.9226; 35.245, Ancient Israelite city mentioned in the Bible, located in the modern-day West Bank, Sites involved in the 13th-11th century BCE archaeological phenomenon of the Israelite Settlement, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine and medieval periods, Confronting the Past: Archaeological and Historical Essays on Ancient Israel in Honor of William G. Dever, ed. [5] Most academics continue to identify Bethel with Beitin.[4]. Jeroboam expanded and improved the shrine, hoping to make ittogether with a major northern altar in the territory of Dana spiritual center of his kingdom. Jacob revisited the place on his return from Paddan-aram; here Deborah, Rebekah's nurse, died and was buried under "the oak" (Genesis 35:6 f). 9:50). gerizim shechem map mount oak millo beth israel area abimelech diviners bible tribes surrounding bibleatlas His hand, which he put out against him, dried up, so that he could not draw it back again to himself. The monument of the man of God from Judah he allowed to stand (2 Kings 23:4, 25). 8 After that, Abram traveled southward and set up camp in the hill country between Bethel on the west and Ai on the east. (2) A city in Judah which in 1 Samuel 30:27 is called Bethel; in Joshua 19:4 Bethul; and in 1 Chronicles 4:30 Bethuel. In the Book of Joshua, Bethel was temporarily abandoned by the Canaanites when Joshua's forces encamped between Ai and Bethel and drew its residents out (Josh. A story is told at 1 Kings 13:1 ff of how a man from Judah visited the shrine at Bethel and prophesied that it would eventually be destroyed by Josiah. I will bless you and make you famous, and I will make you a blessing to others. 02) In straight lines from Haran to Carchemesh, to Aleppo, to Hamath, to Damascus, to Shechem it is about 426 miles (686 Km). Gitin, Wright and Dessel, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bethel&oldid=1099035759, Former populated places in Southwest Asia, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2022, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0, Encyclopdia Britannica 2007 Ultimate Reference Suite, This page was last edited on 18 July 2022, at 18:00. Ezra 2:28 The men of Bethel and Ai, two hundred twenty-three. Later, Bethel is mentioned as the location where Jacob dreams of a ladder leading to heaven, and which he therefore named Bethel, "House of God".

Judges 1:23 The house of Joseph sent to spy out Bethel. 32 Terah lived for 205 years [1] and died while still at Haran. aberdeen abilene albert abington alamogordo Bible Cartoons Search by Famous Bible Stories. Hosea 10:15 So Bethel will do to you because of your great wickedness. The shrine at Shiloh, a few miles north of Bethel, housed the Ark during the ministry of the judge Eli and his sons, but Bethel was still prominent. Genesis 13:1-13 (NLT) The exact location of either the primitive altar or later shrine at Bethel remains undetermined by archaeologists, although some believe the town may have been uncovered.[1]. The focus of this accusation was the golden (possibly bronze) statue of a bull calf erected by Jeroboam to adorn the shrine's entrance. After the Jews returned from exile in Babylon, Bethel belonged to Judea rather than Samaria (Ezra 2:28). 2 Kings 10:29 However from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, with which he made Israel to sin, Jehu didn't depart from after them, to wit, the golden calves that were in Bethel, and that were in Dan. 30:27). During a time of bitter warfare between the Tribe of Benjamin and the other tribes, Bethel was known as a holy place where oracles from Yahweh could be received. 1 Then the LORD told Abram, Leave your country, your relatives, and your fathers house, and go to the land that I will show you. In Judges 1:22 it is represented as held by Canaanites, from whom the house of Joseph took it by treachery (compare 1 Chronicles 7:28). If you want that area over there, then Ill stay here. According to the prophets Amos and Hosea the splendid idolatries of Bethel were accompanied by terrible moral and religious degradation. (Milcah had a sister named Iscah.) It is mentioned by the first Christian topographer, the "Pilgrim of Bordeaux." 1 Kings 13:4 It happened, when the king heard the saying of the man of God, which he cried against the altar in Bethel, that Jeroboam put out his hand from the altar, saying, "Seize him!" [9], See the excavation report by James L. Kelso (dig director 1954, 1957, 1960), William F. Albright (dig director 1934) and others. Genesis 35:1 God said to Jacob, "Arise, go up to Bethel, and live there. ", Genesis 35:3 Let us arise, and go up to Bethel. Thus: When the Israelites suffered a terrible defeat at the hands of Benjamin, they returned to Bethel to weep, fast, and pray "before the Lord." This is my map of the Middle East, showing the route Abram took, going from Ur of the Chaldeans to Haran and then on to Canaan, into Egypt and finally back to Canaan again. 6 But the land could not support both Abram and Lot with all their flocks and herds living so close together.

In the book of Judges 1:22 the descendants of Joseph capture the city of Bethel, which again is said to have previously been called Luz. The king of Bethel is listed among 31 monarchs reportedly conquered by Joshua and the Israelites (Josh. Take your choice of any section of the land you want, and we will separate. Bethel (Hebrew: , romanized:B l, "House of El" or "House of God",[1] also transliterated Beth El, Beth-El, Beit El; Greek: ; Latin: Bethel) was an ancient Israelite sanctuary[2] frequently mentioned in the Hebrew Bible. Here he erected a temple, set up an image, the golden calf, and established an imposing ritual. 12). Genesis 13:5-13 records the separation of Lot from Abram as the land of Canaan couldnt support all their flocks and herds living so close together. The maqom was doubtless that at which Abraham had sacrificed, East of the town. 3 Then they continued traveling by stages toward Bethel, to the place between Bethel and Ai where they had camped before. She had hard labor. 4 So Abram departed as the LORD had instructed him, and Lot went with him. The border went down to Ataroth Addar, by the mountain that lies on the south of Beth Horon the lower. [1] Credit is due under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation. Joshua 8:9 Joshua sent them out; and they went to set up the ambush, and stayed between Bethel and Ai, on the west side of Ai; but Joshua stayed among the people that night. Amos 3:14 "For in the day that I visit the transgressions of Israel on him, I will also visit the altars of Bethel; and the horns of the altar will be cut off, and fall to the ground. It appears that there was a Philistine garrison there at that time. He went there with his flocks and servants and parted company with his uncle Abram. Later, Jacob, believing the place to be the "gate of heaven," named it Bethel. To counteract the influence of Jerusalem as the national religious center Jeroboam embarked on the policy which won for him the unenviable reputation of having "made Israel to sin." 2 Kings 23:19 All the houses also of the high places that were in the cities of Samaria, which the kings of Israel had made to provoke Yahweh to anger, Josiah took away, and did to them according to all the acts that he had done in Bethel. The Sanctuary:The town was originally called Luz (Genesis 28:19, etc.). Amos 7:10 Then Amaziah the priest of Bethel sent to Jeroboam king of Israel, saying, "Amos has conspired against you in the midst of the house of Israel. "[1] Indeed some scholars affirm that Bethel was actually more Yahweh-oriented than the Temple of Jerusalem itself, since the statement "behold your God who brought you up out of Egypt" is a typical Yahwistic confession. He placed in Bethel the priests of the high places which he had made (1 Kings 12:32). Ephraim. 1 Kings 16:34 In his days did Hiel the Bethelite build Jericho: he laid its foundation with the loss of Abiram his firstborn, and set up its gates with the loss of his youngest son Segub, according to the word of Yahweh, which he spoke by Joshua the son of Nun. There was still some distance to come to Ephrath, and Rachel travailed. 9 Then Abram traveled south by stages toward the Negev. It appears to have been captured by Joshua (8:7), and it was allotted to Benjamin (Joshua 18:22). Most scholars identify Bethel with the modern-day village of Beitin,[4] located in the West Bank, 5 kilometers (3.1mi) northeast of Ramallah; few scholars prefer El-Bireh. Genesis 35:16 They traveled from Bethel. (This was before the LORD had destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah.) 2 Kings 2:2 Elijah said to Elisha, "Please wait here, for Yahweh has sent me as far as Bethel." 1 Kings 13:11 Now there lived an old prophet in Bethel; and one of his sons came and told him all the works that the man of God had done that day in Bethel. Directed again by Yahweh to attack, this time they won a mighty victory. 03) In a straight line from Shechem, to Bethel, to Egypt it is about 254 miles (409 Km). In the opinion of one archaeologist: "It is possible that in the religion of the northern tribes of Israel the bull was considered either as the symbol of the God of Israel or its pedestal (recalling the function of the Cherubim in the temple of Jerusalem). 28 But while Haran was still young, he died in Ur of the Chaldeans, the place of his birth. Probably on rising ground East of Bethel Abraham and Lot stood to view the uninviting highlands and the rich lands of the Jordan valley (Genesis 13:9).3. Identification and Description:It lay West of Ai (Genesis 12:8). Some ancient versions read 145 years. Bring your sacrifices every morning, your tithes every three days. Since the patriarchs arrived in Canaan well after El was formally worshiped there, it is likely that the name Bethel ("house of El") did not actually originate with the patriarchs but was appropriated later by the Israelites, who attributed the naming of the shrine to their forefather, Jacob. incest tiffany hartford father daughter pornstar sayers jr george charged wannabe ibtimes having star baby